Ever since Modi government took in charge, nation’s defence system experiencing a lot of attentions. On the list of recent amendments, Russia and India would sign the $3 billion deal for building the next generation of Chakra. This model would be the third Russian nuclear submarine made for Indian Navy. The two nations have decided on signing the lease around Thursday, 7th March 2019. Yet, this date has to be confirmed by Indian and Russian Defence Ministers.
Around 1988, the first Chakra, the missile submarine for cruising, was built for Russia within 3-years. During then, Indian Navy worked on the Project 670. The Chakra was built introducing the “SKAT-class” or “Charlie-class” as per NATO classification.
Around 2012, Indian Navy produced Chakra II, a “retrofitted” nuclear submarine, for Russia. They followed a project called K-152. After building and testing the 971 “Ankula-class Nerpa” Chakra II, it was shipped to Severodvinsk, Russia, in 2014. Chakra II would be functional until 2022. Russian, Indian and Eastern Navy extended its functions for another 5 years until 2027. This would provide ample time and opportunity to build and test the next generation – Chakra III. The most salient feature of all Chakras is that all remain submerged under-water for several months.
Russians and Indians Governments have been discussing how to finance and how to implement Chakra III. This discussion commenced in 2013 and became strong especially around 2015. Jointly, both parties have concluded that $3 billion would be used for financing the 10-year project.
This Chakra III would also be made for Russia. The K322 Project would be making “Kashlot” or “Akula II class” nuclear submarine. The completed Chakra III would be equipped with latest gadgets (including sensors) and technologies for communication.
Once work commences on Chakra III, the completion and testing should be ready by 2025. At present, the “mothballed” is at the Russian Severodvinsk’s shipyard. In 2018, Senior Naval Officers of India inspected K-295 Samara and K-391 Bratsk of the Russian Fleet. Thereafter, these have been transferred to India. Also, this act means that at the end the Kashlot project may not officially materialise.